Diabetes Glossary

The following is a list of diabetes-related terms and their definitions. These words, listed in alphabetical order, are the most common ones you will hear when you are discussing diabetes.

*Please note many of these definitions are product specific.

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | W


A


  • A1C (HbA1c) - Glycosylated hemoglobin.
  • A1C (HbA1c) test - A 2-3 month average of blood glucose values expressed in percent. The normal range varies with different labs and is expressed in percent (such as 4 - 6%).
  • AACE - American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists. A professional organization devoted to the field of clinical endocrinology.
  • ACE - American College of Endocrinology.
  • *Accept - Pressing the ACT button to approve the selection or setting.
  • *Active insulin - Bolus insulin that has been delivered to your body, but has not yet been used.
  • ADA - American Diabetes Association®.
  • Adult-onset diabetes - Former term for Type 2 diabetes.
  • Adverse reaction - An unexpected, unpleasant or dangerous reaction to a sensor when it is inserted into the body. An adverse reaction may be sudden or may develop over time.
  • *Alarm - Audible or vibrating (silent) notice that indicates the pump is in Attention mode and immediate attention is required. Alarms are prefixed in the alarm history with the letter A.
  • *Alarm clock - Feature you can set to go off at specified times of the day.
  • *Alarm history - Screen that displays the last 36 alarms/errors that have occurred on your pump.
  • *Alarm icon - A solid circle that shows at the top of the screen and the pump beeps or vibrates periodically until the condition is cleared (see Attention mode).
  • *Alert - Audible or vibrating (silent) indicator that notifies you the pump needs attention soon or that you should be reminded of something. Insulin delivery continues as programmed.
  • *Alert icon - An open circle that appears at the top of the screen and the pump beeps or vibrates periodically to remind you of the condition (see Special mode).
  • Alpha cell - Cells of the pancreas that makes the hormone glucagon, when the body needs to put more sugar into the blood.
  • Amylin - A hormone secreted by beta cells in the pancreas. Amylin slows the movement of food from the stomach into the intestines.
  • *Attention mode - Operating mode that stops all current insulin delivery. This mode indicates an alarm or condition exists that requires immediate attention.
  • *Area Under the Curve (AUC) - Indicates the amount in high and low excursions as determined by preset values. Excursion data indicates the frequency of highs or lows. AUC indicates the magnitude of events by showing how far out of range and for how long.
  • *AUC Limits - The AUC Limits feature allows you to see how long your sensor glucose measurements are outside your target range. Your target range is the area between your Low AUC Limit and your High AUC Limit. When you set the AUC Limits, you select the Low AUC Limit and High AUC Limit you want for your target range.
  • *Audio bolus - The pump can be programmed so the user hears a beep when they select a bolus insulin amount (0.5 or 1.0 units) to be delivered. This may be useful for situations when it may be difficult to see the buttons on the pump.

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B


  • *Backlight - Pump screen light. Turns on whenever the button is pressed or in combination with the button if not on the HOME screen. The backlight also appears during alarms and alerts, except for LOW BATTERY alert and OFF NO POWER alarm.
  • *Basal insulin - An hourly, continuous infusion of insulin delivered automatically by an insulin pump based on preprogrammed profiles and personalized rates set in the pump. The pump delivers a daily infusion of insulin that typically covers "background" insulin needs during periods of fasting (i.e., overnight and between meals).
  • *Basal patterns - The user can program up to three different basal rate patterns into their pump for the delivery of basal insulin: Standard, A, and B. For each pattern there is the option of setting up to 48 basal rates.
  • *Basal profile - A basal rate with a start and stop time. The user can program several different profiles into their pump, each with a different basal rate, during a 24-hour period of time to achieve better glucose control.
  • *Basal rate - The pump setting that provides a continuous infusion of insulin to keep the blood glucose stable between meals and during the night. Basal insulin mimics pancreatic insulin delivery—which meets all the body’s non-food related insulin needs.
  • *Basal review screen - Shows the basal rates programmed in the pump, with the 24-hour total for each rate.
  • Beta cell - Cells of the pancreas that makes insulin.
  • BG - Blood Glucose. The sugar carried by the blood to provide energy to the human body. The digestive system converts food - protein, fat and carbohydrate – into glucose, which is then absorbed directly into the blood from the small intestine. Also known as dextrose.
  • *BG Reminder - Feature that you can set to remind you to check your blood glucose after a bolus.
  • *BG Target - Normal blood glucose level.
  • *BG Units - Blood glucose units used by the monitor (mmol/L or mg/dL).
  • *Bolus insulin - A dose of insulin given to cover an expected rise in blood glucose (such as the rise after a meal or a snack) or to lower a high blood glucose down to target range.
  • *Bolus history - This screen displays the last 24 boluses delivered by your pump.
  • *Bolus Wizard® feature - Calculates the amount of bolus insulin you need when you enter your BG reading and the amount of carbs you are about to eat.

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C


  • C-peptide - A substance produced by the beta cells in the pancreas, in equal amounts to insulin. C-peptide testing is a blood test that indicates whether insulin is being produced by the pancreas.
  • *Cal Reminder - The value of the Cal Reminder is the amount of time before the current calibration value expires when the user wants to be reminded to calibrate by having the pump issue a METER BG BY alert. For example, if the Cal Reminder is set to two hours, the METER BG BY alert will occur two hours before the calibration is required.
  • *Cal Repeat - Once a METER BG NOW alert occurs, the pump will not repeat the alert until after this selected Cal Repeat time.
  • *Calibrate - Check, adjust, or set to a standard (calibrate your pump).
  • Cannula - A short, thin, and flexible tubing at the end of the infusion set that is inserted into the subcutaneous tissue to deliver insulin.
  • Carb ratio (Carbohydrate ratio) - Used when counting carbohydrates in grams. The amount of carbohydrates covered by one unit of insulin.
  • *Carb units - The food entry when using the Bolus Wizard. Entered as (carbohydrate) grams or exchanges.
  • Carbohydrate - One of the three main sources of energy or calories in food. Carbohydrates are mainly sugars found in fruits, milk, and starches that the body breaks down into glucose.
  • CareLink® Personal - An online service that allows management of diabetes data via the Internet.
  • Catheter - A thin sterile tube that can be inserted into the body to treat diseases or perform a surgical procedure.
  • CHO - Carbohydrate.
  • Contraindication - A condition that makes a specific treatment or procedure NOT advisable. A contraindication is literally contra- (against) an indication, against something that is indicated as advisable or necessary.
  • CGM (Continuous Glucose Monitoring) - a way to measure glucose levels in real-time throughout the day and night. A tiny electrode called a glucose sensor is inserted under the skin to measure glucose levels in tissue fluid. It is connected to a transmitter that sends the information via wireless radio frequency to a monitoring and display device.
  • *Com-Station - A device used to download MiniMed 508 pump and pass through third-party meter data to the computer.
  • *ComLink - A radio frequency (RF) transceiver device used to download Paradigm pump data to the computer.
  • *Correction bolus - The amount of insulin needed to return a high blood glucose level back down to target range.
  • *Correction bolus factor (Sensitivity factor) - How much 1 unit of insulin will lower your blood glucose. This factor is used to calculate a correction bolus amount when your blood sugar is high. (BG level) – (BG target) = X. X ÷ (correction bolus factor) = correction bolus amount.

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D


  • *Daily totals - Shows the total insulin delivered (basal and bolus) in the last 24-hours.
  • Dawn Phenomenon - Early morning (usually 4 am – 6 am) rise in blood sugar. Many people experience a rise in blood sugar due to the increase in levels of hormones (such as growth hormone) in the early morning.
  • *Default - A setting or value for your pump that is assigned automatically by your system. Some default settings cannot be changed; other default settings remain in effect until you change them.
  • Dextrose - Also called glucose. Simple sugar found in blood that serves as the body’s main energy source.
  • Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA) - A serious condition that occurs when the insulin levels are low, blood glucose level are elevated, and the body uses fat for energy. This process produces ketones which upset the body's acid-base balance leading to a potentially life threatening situation.
  • DKA - Diabetic Ketoacidosis.
  • Diabetes mellitus - A group of metabolic diseases featuring high blood glucose (sugar) levels, caused by problems with insulin production. It is generally called type 1 or type 2 diabetes and was first identified as a disease about 2,000 years ago. It was called "sweet urine" at that time because high blood glucose levels spill glucose into the urine. Normally, insulin, a hormone produced in the pancreas, controls blood glucose levels, but people with diabetes either do not produce insulin or their insulin does not work properly. Diabetes cannot be cured, but it can be controlled through medication, diet and exercise.
  • Dressing - A therapeutic or protective material that is put over your sensor.
  • *Dual Wave® bolus - Combination of a Normal bolus that is delivered immediately, then followed by a Square Wave bolus. The Square Wave portion is delivered evenly over a period of time.
  • *Duration - Amount of time it takes to administer a bolus or basal delivery. Also, length of time for an action or condition.

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E


  • *Easy Bolus™ - Method of delivery for a Normal bolus by using the Easy Bolus button on the pump.
  • Electromagnetic compatibility - The condition that exists when systems and devices that use electromagnetic energy operate properly without causing or suffering accidental electromagnetic interference to or from other electromagnetic devices.
  • Electrostatic discharge - The rapid, spontaneous transfer of electrostatic charge induced by a high electrostatic field. The charge usually flows through a spark, known as static discharge, between two objects at different electrostatic levels as they approach each other (for example, when people touch each other after dragging their feet on a carpet).
  • Endocrine system - A collection of glands that secrete hormones directly into the circulatory system to control various functions of cells, tissues and organs. The endocrine system includes the adrenal glands, parathyroid gland, pituitary gland, thyroid gland, as well as the ovaries, pancreas, and testes.
  • Endocrinologist - A doctor who treats people who have endocrine problems such as diabetes.
  • Exch ratio (exchange ratio) - The amount of insulin required to cover one (1) carbohydrate exchange. (Also see carb ratio.)
  • Exchange system - A system of estimating carbohydrate and calorie intake that groups by type. Each exchange group lists similar types of food in serving sizes. A person can exchange, trade, or substitute a food serving in a particular group for another food serving in the same group.
  • *Express bolus - Method of delivery for any bolus type using the express bolus button on the pump.

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F


  • Fats - One of the three main classes of foods and a source of calories or energy in foods. Fats help the body use some vitamins and keep the skin healthy.
  • Fiber - A substance found in foods that comes from plants. Fiber may help in the digestive process and is thought to lower cholesterol and help control blood glucose. Fiber grams are not absorbed, and can be subtracted from the Total Carbohydrate amount for foods or meals with more than 5 grams of fiber.
  • Fingerstick - One method used to test blood glucose by taking a sample of blood for testing from a finger using a lancet or automatic finger puncture device.
  • Food bolus - A dose of insulin given to cover the expected rise in blood glucose that occurs after eating.

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G


  • Gastroparesis - A condition of the digestive system that slows down the emptying of food from the stomach.
  • *Generate - Create a result (your pump will generate a graph).
  • Gestational Diabetes - a type of diabetes that only develops during pregnancy and usually disappears upon delivery, but increases the risk that the mother will develop diabetes later.
  • Glucose See BG (blood glucose).
  • Glucagon Emergency Kit - An injectable form of glucagon that can be used to treat severe low blood glucose levels (hypoglycemia). A Glucagon Emergency Kit can be obtained in a pharmacy with a prescription.
  • Glucose tablet - A simple sugar in tablet form that is taken orally to treat low blood glucose (hypoglycemia).
  • Glucose Limits - These are the high and low Glucose Limits recommended by your healthcare professional.

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H


  • HbA1c - Glycosylated hemoglobin.
  • HbA1c Test - Hemoglobin A1C test, used to interpret blood glucose control or average of levels over a 2- to 3-month period of time.
  • HDL - High-density lipoprotein A complex of lipids and proteins in approximately equal amounts that functions as a transporter of cholesterol in the blood.
  • *High Glucose - The pump will alarm if the sensor indicates that the user’s sensor glucose is at or above this value. You have the option to turn this feature on or off.
  • *High Repeat - For the High Glucose, High Predictive, and Rising Rate of Change alerts, allows the user to set the delay between the first alert and any subsequent alerts. This will allow the user to avoid getting an alert every five minutes until the condition is corrected.
  • *Hold - Press and continue to press a pump button.
  • Hormone - A chemical substance produced in the body that controls and regulates the activity of certain cells or organs.
  • Hyperglycemic - Elevated blood glucose as seen by monitoring blood glucose levels with or without any or all of the following symptoms: nausea, vomiting, blurred vision, headache, gastric distress, frequent urination of large amounts, and lethargy.
  • Hypoglycemic - Low blood glucose as seen by monitoring blood glucose levels, with or without any or all of the following symptoms: excessive hunger, shaking or tremors, perspiration, "dancing" visions, light-headedness, headache, blurred speech, sudden mood swings or personality change.

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I


  • *Idle - The pump is at the HOME screen.
  • Increment - A small increase or decrease in a measurement.
  • Indication - A condition that makes a specific medical treatment or procedure advisable or necessary.
  • Infusion set - The apparatus used for inserting and securing a cannula below the skin and transporting insulin to the insertion site via tubing from the pump.
  • Infusion site - The end of the infusion set held to the body with a tape. It consists of a cannula and an introducer needle.
  • Injection therapy - uses intermediate or long-acting insulin to cover basal insulin requirements. Intermediate and long-acting insulin are injected in large amounts once or twice a day.
  • *Initialize - To set a starting value or prepare your pump, transmitter or sensor for use.
  • Insulin - A hormone that helps the body use glucose (sugar) for energy. The beta cells of the pancreas make the insulin.
  • Insulin concentration -The strength or type of insulin the doctor has prescribed for the user. This affects the rate of insulin the pump delivers. If the user’s insulin concentration changes, the basal patterns and the maximum basal and bolus rates must be reprogrammed in the pump.
  • Insulin pen - A device for injecting insulin that holds replicable cartridges of insulin.
  • Islets - Groups of cells located in the pancreas that make hormones that help the body break down and use food. Also called islets of Langerhans.
  • Insulin pump therapy - Uses rapid-acting insulin which provides improved glucose control. A pump delivers tiny amounts of rapid-acting insulin each hour.
  • Insulin sensitivity factor (ISF) -The amount of mg/dL (or mmol/L) that your blood glucose (BG) level is reduced by one unit of insulin.
  • Insulin to carbohydrate ratio - The amount of insulin required to cover a given number of carbohydrates. This ratio helps you estimate what size bolus you should take when eating carbohydrates. Your healthcare professional will determine your insulin to carbohydrate ratio.
  • Interstitial fluid - The fluid between the cells in the human body. This fluid makes up approximately 16 percent of the weight of the body.
  • Intravenous - Within or put into a vein; the passing of medicines into a vein through a tube.
  • Introducer needle - This needle allows the insertion of a cannula or a sensor into the subcutaneous tissue. It is removed and discarded after insertion leaving only the cannula or the sensor in the body.
  • *IPX7, IPX8, IP48, IP28 - Protected against water immersion. Immersion for 30 minutes at a depth of up to 1 meter.
  • *ISIG - Sensor values that indicate whether the transmitter electronics in a sensor-augmented system are working properly. If you see an ISIG value that is less than 24.00 nA or more than 29.00 nA, call for product assistance. It may be time to replace your transmitter.

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J


  • JDRF - Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation.
  • Juvenile diabetes - former term for insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus or Type 1 diabetes. A disorder of the body’s immune system that results from the pancreas not producing any insulin.

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K


  • Ketone - A chemical created by the human body when there is not enough insulin in the blood.
  • Ketone test - Ketone is a waste product that is produced when the body is forced to burn body fat instead of glucose for energy. It may be a sign of lack of insulin in the body. The Ketone test measures the amount of ketone concentrated in the blood or urine.
  • kPa (kilopascal) - A unit of measurement for quantifying force. Used to measure atmospheric pressure. Equivalent to 10,000 dynes per square centimeter.

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L


  • LADA - (Latent Autoimmune Diabetes of Adults) - A slow-onset form of autoimmune diabetes. Like type 1 diabetes, LADA occurs because your pancreas stops producing adequate insulin. Symptoms develop comparatively slowly. Unlike type 1 diabetes, with LADA, you often won't need insulin for several months up to years after you've been diagnosed.
  • Lancet - A spring-loaded device for pricking a fingertip with a small needle to obtain a drop of blood for blood glucose testing.
  • LDL (Low-density lipoprotein) - A complex of lipids and proteins, with greater amounts of lipid than protein, that transports cholesterol in the blood.
  • *Link - To turn on and setup the meter option that allows the pump to receive BG readings from the OneTouch® UltraLink™, CONTOUR® LINK, or Paradigm Link meter.
  • Lipohypertrophy - A medical word for a lump under the skin from an accumulation of fat at the site of many insulin injections. Scar tissue may also develop at the sites. It is generally seen when one repeatedly uses the same area for insulin injection or infusion. It happens most often in areas that are easiest to inject insulin or place infusion sets-on both sides of the belly button and on the sides of the thighs.
  • Log - A record of measurements, alarms or other actions by your monitor.
  • Low blood glucose - When there is too much insulin in your body. The excess insulin moves most of the glucose from your bloodstream and interstitial fluid into your cells. Once your cells use the glucose, there is not enough left to provide the energy your body needs to function well or fir your brain to think clearly.
  • *Low Glucose - The pump will alarm if the sensor indicates that the user’s sensor glucose is at or below this value. You have the option to turn this feature on or off.
  • *Low Repeat - For the Low Glucose, Low Predictive, and Falling Rate of Change alerts, as well as the Threshold Suspend alarm, you can set the delay between the first alert and any subsequent alerts. This will allow the user to avoid getting an alert every five minutes until the condition is corrected. However, this could cause your pump to suspend again.
  • *Low reservoir warning - Programmable warning that notifies you with an alert when either a specified number of units remain in the reservoir of your pump, or a specified amount of time remains before the reservoir will be empty.

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M


  • *Manual bolus - Optional item available in the BOLUS MENU when the Bolus Wizard is active. One method of programming a bolus without the Bolus Wizard.
  • *Marker - A measurement of a specific event - such as a meal or exercise period, or details about an event - such as the type of insulin you selected the last time you entered information.
  • *Max basal - The maximum amount of basal insulin that the pump will deliver at one time. (Set by the user).
  • *Max bolus - The maximum amount of bolus insulin that the pump will deliver at one time. (Set by the user).
  • *Mean Absolute Difference (MAD) Represents the level of accuracy in calibration of the sensor to meter readings. The lower this number, the greater the calibration accuracy. MAD is calculated by taking the difference between closely occurring pairs of SG and meter readings, dividing by the meter reading and then averaging across all pairs.
  • Meter - A medical device for determining the approximate concentration of glucose in the blood. A small drop of blood is placed on a disposable test strip, which the meter reads and uses to calculate the blood glucose level. The meter then displays the level in mg/dL or mmol/L.
  • *Meter option - Feature that allows the pump to receive BG readings from a linked BG meter.
  • mg/dL - Milligrams per deciliter – used to measure how much glucose is in your bloodstream.
  • Mineral - Minerals and vitamins are essential micronutrients, needed in very small amounts to keep our bodies functioning properly.
  • Mild hypoglycemia - A low BG that is recognized and managed by you. With mild hypoglycemia, you realize your BG is low, and eat or drink to correct it.

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N


  • *Normal bolus - An immediate delivery of a specified unit amount of insulin.
  • *Now portion - The normal portion of a Dual Wave bolus. The now portion delivers immediately and is then followed by the Square portion.
  • Nutrition - The process by which the body draws nutrients from food and uses them to make or mend cells.
  • Nutrition label - Used to determine the nutritional content of foods, as well as calories, carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamin and mineral content.
  • Nutritional content - The breakdown of nutrients found in a particular food.

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O


  • Occlusive dressing - A bandage that seals a wound from air or bacteria.

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P


  • Pancreas - An organ that makes insulin and enzymes for digestion.
  • *Pattern feature - Extended pump feature that allows you to program optional basals (Pattern A, Pattern B) that support activities or glucose patterns that are not a part of your day-to-day routine, but are usual in your lifestyle. Such activities could be a sport that you do once a week, a change in your sleep pattern over the weekend, or hormonal changes during a menstrual cycle.
  • *Pattern standard - Your normal basal that supports your usual day-today activity. When the Patterns feature is off, the pump uses your standard (basal) pattern.
  • Post-prandial reading - Blood glucose reading taken after a meal.
  • Pre-diabetes - A condition where individuals have higher than normal glucose levels but not yet high enough for a diagnosis of diabetes. Prediabetes can be an opportunity for you to improve your health.
  • *Predictive alerts -These alerts can be used so that you receive alarms before the sensor glucose measurements reach your glucose limits. This alert predicts when the sensor glucose measurements will reach your glucose limits by using information about your glucose limits and recent sensor glucose measurements.
  • *Press - To push and release a button.
  • *Prime - To fill (prime) the infusion set with insulin.
  • Protein - One of the three main sources of energy or calories in food. Proteins are made of amino acids, which are called the building blocks of the cells. The cells need proteins to grow and to mend themselves. Protein is found in many foods such as meat, fish, poultry, and eggs
  • PSI - Pound-force per square inch.
  • *Pump S/N - Is the serial number of the pump currently in use.

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Q


  • Quaternary ammonium compound - A specific type of antiseptic used to sterilize.

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R


  • Rapid-acting Insulin - the fastest acting insulin currently available. It enters the bloodstream 10 to 15 minutes after it is taken and has its strongest glucose lowering effect 1 to 1 ½ hours after it is taken.
  • Reservoir - The syringe that holds insulin in the pump.
  • *Reset - To set again, or change the information (reset your glucose values).
  • *Resume - Restarts basal delivery after the pump is suspended.
  • *Rewind - The pump drive moves back to its starting position to prepare the pump for a new reservoir.
  • RF - Radio frequency (RF).

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S


  • *Scroll - Press the up or down arrow buttons to move through the screen text.
  • *Select - Pressing the up or down arrow buttons to highlight a desired screen item.
  • *Sen-serter® - The Sen-serter is an aid for insertion of the Medtronic glucose sensor.
  • Sensitive - Easily irritated (sensitive skin), or able to measure very slight differences (a sensitive instrument).
  • Sensor Age - Sensor age is the amount of time, in days and hours, since the sensor was first inserted.
  • *Sensor features - Optional continuous glucose monitoring capabilities.
  • *Sensor (glucose sensor) - The small part of the continuous glucose monitoring system that you insert just below your skin to measure glucose levels in your interstitial fluid.
  • Sensor glucose (SG) - Glucose levels in the fluid under your skin measured by the sensor.
  • *Serter - The Serter is an aid for the insertion of a Medtronic Diabetes glucose sensor or infusion set.
  • *Set - To enter or establish a value for your pump (set your BG Reminder).
  • *Set bolus - Selectable item available in the BOLUS MENU when the Bolus Wizard feature is inactive. One method of programming a bolus without the Bolus Wizard feature.
  • Severe hypoglycemia - A low BG that you do not recognize. Another person realizes that your BG is low and assists you in treating the low. Severe hypoglycemia may involve mental confusion or unconsciousness.
  • Sharps container - A government-approved container for needles and other "sharp" medical waste containing blood and/or other body fluids. They are usually red in color and made of hard plastic so that needles cannot go through them. They usually have the words "sharps waste" or "biohazard" on them.
  • Sodium - Is an essential element for your body. As table salt, it is used freely in foods as a flavor enhancer and a preservative. Sodium is listed on food labels and is expressed in milligrams
  • Solution - A mixture of two or more substances; often, one is dissolved into another.
  • *S/N# - Serial number.
  • *Special mode - Operating mode that indicates one or more special functions is active or a condition exists that requires attention
  • *Square Wave® bolus - Bolus delivered evenly over a specified time period (30 minutes to 8 hours).
  • *Square Wave portion - (Sq) The second part of a Dual Wave bolus. The Square Wave portion delivers evenly over a period of time after the NOW portion delivers.
  • Stabilize - To make steady or keep from changing (stabilize your blood glucose).
  • *Standard pattern - Your normal basal that supports your usual day-to-day activity. When the Patterns feature is off, the pump uses your standard basal pattern.
  • *Status - The condition of a part of your system (battery status, alarm/alert status).
  • *Status screen - Displays the current operations of the pump, including active functions, the most recent basal and bolus deliveries, reservoir information, and battery condition.
  • *Step - Measurement of insulin that you set and use for Easy Bolus delivery.
  • Sterile - Free from substances or germs that could cause infection.
  • Sterile gauze - A thin medical bandage with loose weave that is free from substances or germs that could cause infection.
  • Submerge - To place under water or cover completely with water.
  • Sugar - A class of carbohydrates that taste sweet. Sugar is a quick and easy fuel for the body to use. Sugar types include; lactose, glucose, fructose, and sucrose.
  • *Suspend - Function on the pump that stops all insulin delivery. Any current bolus and/or prime deliveries are canceled. The basal delivery is paused until restarted.

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T


  • Temp - Temporary
  • *Temp basal (tmp basal) - Temporary one-time basal insulin with a specified amount and duration. Used to support insulin needs for special activities or conditions that are not part of the normal daily routine.
  • Test strips - Blood glucose test strips are small disposable strips of plastic used for blood glucose testing. When blood is placed onto the test strip, it reacts with a chemical called glucose oxidase producing gluconic acid from the glucose in the blood.
  • Threshold Suspend - This feature is set up to stop insulin delivery when your sensor glucose reaches or drops below your Suspend Threshold. Insulin delivery will automatically restart after 2 hours if you do not restart insulin delivery yourself sooner.
  • *Timeout - If you do not enter information or do something in a specific length of time, your pump automatically stops what it is doing and goes to the HOME screen.
  • *Transmitter - The device that sends a signal to your monitor with information from your sensor.
  • *Transmtr Batt - The status of the transmitter battery. Possible values are Good, Low, or Bad.
  • *Transmtr ID - The serial number of the transmitter currently in use.
  • *Transmtr Ver - The software version of the transmitter currently in use.
  • Type 1 diabetes - (Previously called juvenile diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes) is a disorder of the body’s immune system that results from the pancreas not producing any insulin.
  • Type 2 diabetes - (Previously called adult onset diabetes) results when the body doesn’t respond appropriately to insulin, a condition called “insulin resistance.” This more common variety of diabetes often runs in families and develops most often in middle-aged and older adults but can appear in young people.

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U


  • μL - Micro liter.
  • Unit of insulin - the basic measure of insulin. U-100 insulin means 100 units of insulin per milliliter (mL) or cubic centimeter (cc) of solution.
  • *Upload - The process for transferring pump or meter data to the CareLink™ Personal server.

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W


  • *Weak Signal - The pump displays an alert if it has not received data from the sensor for an amount of time that you set.

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